The Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal for the Trial of Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery
In the Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal for the Trial of Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery, the victims are called comfort women in English and ianfu in Japanese.
The tribunal took place between the years 2000 and 2001. The tribunal has importance in terms of international human rights law and humanitarian law since the events why the tribunal is established happened throughout WWII period and Japanese Government which is responsible was on trial. In addition to that, these related incidents were buried under the water, and they were not remembered until 1990’s. These incidents which Japanese Government is responsible happened between the years 1932-1945 and started in Shanghai, spread to all Japanese controlled territories. In general, these events were called comfort women system which means the women were forced to be sexual slaves by the Japanese Military Army in occupied territories. These actions by the Japanese Government have been denied until 1992. In 1993, Japanese Government published a report on comfort women system and in this report, Japanese Government acknowledged in part that they were responsible. This event leaded to a beginning and there is also a global movement named “Break the Silence” where, people, governments and NGOs started to stand up. Then the Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal for the Trial of Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery took place in 2000.
The scope of this presentation is mainly about to give information about international law history rather than giving basic and practical knowledge about law, since this tribunal is crucial for international human rights law, for humanitarian law and a development for social gender equality. This international tribunal is also a product of a global movement, so it is necessary to learn something about this judgement for our office members as lawyers and trainee lawyers.
Moreover, this in-office share could make contribution to give social gender equality education for members of the office as this judgement acknowledged that sexual violence is a kind of war crime and this judgement also leaded to an approach international criminal law from social gender equality perspective.
Detailed information about the The Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal For the Trial of Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery and the presentation documents can be accessed from the link below:
İpek KOÇ (Apprentice Attorney)
Uçar Law & Consultancy Office